The number of deaths from January to November 2020 was about 5% higher than expected in the absence of a COVID-19 pandemic in the country, which represents a surplus of 12,067 deaths, Statistics Canada reported on Monday.
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While the first wave was particularly deadly among people aged 65 and over, the excess mortality among those 45 and under was startling during the second wave, in the fall.
Statistics Canada points out that due to the pandemic, between mid-September and the month of November, people aged 65 and over represented 63% of excess deaths, while between March and June, the figure rose. at 85%.
Conversely, Canadians under 45 accounted for 4% of excess deaths from COVID-19 in the spring, up from 16% in the fall. However, the absolute number remains low compared to the total death toll, as an estimated 50 deaths are attributable to COVID-19 in this age group since the start of the pandemic.
“The excess mortality among people in this younger age group has been observed since May and mainly affects men,” explains one. From May to November, an estimated 8,764 deaths among Canadians aged 0 to 44 are estimated, which is a surplus of 1,691 deaths. Men accounted for 77% of these excess deaths and, overall, experienced a number of deaths 25% higher than expected during this period. ”
The total number of deaths in 2020 from all causes is estimated at 259,836, while the number of deaths rose to 244,375 deaths in 2018 and 243,551 in 2019 during the same period.
Not surprisingly, COVID-19 was a determining factor in the excess mortality displayed during the year 2020, where it is linked, from January to December, to 15,650 deaths. This makes COVID-19 the third deadliest disease in the country, as cancer and heart disease both remain the leading causes of death in the Canadian population.
“This trend was also observed in the United States where only the two main causes of death in 2019, heart disease and cancer, were more lethal than COVID-19,” says Statistics Canada.