An activist at a protest at the COP28 UN Climate Change Conference in Dubai.
NGOs and experts denounce a project listing non-binding options, a shopping list or an à la carte menu putting the development of solar, x27;wind, nuclear, hydrogen or carbon capture techniques.
In their infancy, the latter are favored by the fossil industry and producing countries, Saudi Arabia in the lead, but will have only a weak impact in the current crucial decade.
There are elements that are not acceptable as they stand, declared the French Minister of Energy Transition, Agnès Pannier-Runacher.
I am surprised by the lack of ambition, confides a Western negotiator, judging the text uninspired from start to finish, poorly designed, repetitive, incoherent…
But, as a source at the Emirati presidency of COP28 indicated, this is part of the negotiation game: It's an opening movement, it will be necessary build from that.
We have made progress, but we still have a lot to do, admitted Sultan Al Jaber who is seeking the point of balance between Saudi Arabia and its allies on the one hand, facing the hundred countries in favor of phasing out fossil fuels.
Eyes are also on China and the United States, the two largest global emitters of gas greenhouse effect (41% between them).
In November, in the Sunnylands declaration, the two powers agreed to avoid talking about an exit from fossil fuels, but emphasized the role of renewable energies to gradually replace them.
China, which plays a fundamental role in rallying the developing world towards a final consensus, wants to stick to the Sunnylands formula, while the United States wants to go further far, analyzes Li Shuo of the Asia Society think tank.
Progress on energy objectives is also suspended from parallel progress in other negotiated texts, in particular on adaptation to the consequences of global warming and on financial aid to developing countries, which are key to convincing the South to #x27;accept an agreement.
I urge all countries to remain focused on 1.5°C and to ensure that #x27;ambition for this decade is quite high, reacted on “>For Alden Meyer, of the E3G think tank, we are in a big crisis: the next few days will tell whether we have a viable international climate regime, or not.
The COP28 is now on the verge of total failure went so far as to write about X Al Gore, former American vice-president and climate activist.