Protection against pregnancy in questions and answers
Condoms are one of the most popular contraceptives
Contraception raises many questions, the answers to which are extremely important in order to protect yourself from unwanted pregnancy during intercourse. Therefore, this topic will always be relevant. For International Condom Day, we are telling everything you wanted to know about contraception, but were afraid to ask.
What contraceptives do the stars use – watch the video:
What are the means of contraception
Contraception and feminine hygiene products
The most famous contraceptives are:
- Male condom;
- Female condom;
- Combined birth control pills;
- Progestin-only contraceptive pills;
- Contraceptive injections;
- Contraceptive patch;
- Intrauterine device (IUD);
- Contraceptive vaginal rings;
- Diaphragm with spermicide;
- Cap with spermicide;
- Female sterilization;
- Male sterilization (vasectomy);
- Natural family planning.
How do emergency contraception work?
Emergency contraceptive pills contain a synthetic form of progestogen, a substance similar in properties to the hormone progesterone, which is produced in women in the ovaries. This substance prevents ovulation, fertilization of an egg, or implantation of an already fertilized egg into the wall of the uterus.
Is emergency contraception always effective?
Emergency contraception is more effective the less time has passed between intercourse and its use. Its effectiveness is significantly reduced if you take the pill more than 24 hours after intercourse, if you vomit within two hours after taking the drug, and if you have had unprotected sex after taking emergency contraception. 72 hours after intercourse, taking such pills is no longer worth it – there is practically no chance that they will work.
How do you know if emergency contraception has worked?
If you used it as instructed in the package and your next period started on time, emergency contraception seems to have helped. If your period is less heavy or lingering than usual, or if you have a delay, see your doctor.
It is said that condoms are not reliable enough because they often break. Is it true?
Condoms sometimes break
Condoms are unlikely to burst when used correctly without touching them with nails or sharp jewelry. Experts believe that women who take emergency contraception often attribute this need to a broken condom simply because they are unwilling to admit that they have not actually used a condom at all. This is one of the main reasons why the condom has a reputation as not the most reliable method of contraception. While there is a risk that it will break, it is much safer to have sex with a condom than without.
What to do if the condom breaks?
The only fairly reliable way to prevent unwanted pregnancy in this case is to use emergency contraception. In addition, it must be borne in mind that unprotected sex is associated with the risk of contracting various sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Tests for most infections can be done a couple of weeks later, for HIV only twelve weeks after sex.
Is it true that it is not necessary to use contraception during the first sex, since it is still impossible to get pregnant?
Pregnancy can occur at the first sexual contact
This is a dangerous myth, due to which more than one hundred thousand unwanted pregnancies have occurred. The probability of getting pregnant during the first sex is no less and no more than during any sexual intercourse – it is, on average, one chance in twenty. So contraception should be used every time you have sex without wanting to get pregnant.
Is it true that you can prevent unwanted pregnancies by having sex while standing?
Not true. No sex position can be used as a form of contraception.
How effective is natural family planning contraception?
This method consists in observing the signs of fertility, on the basis of which one can draw a conclusion about how safe sex is at a given time. This method is based on scientific facts: a woman is really most fertile in the middle of the menstrual cycle – approximately 12-14 days from the first day of her period. In the days before your period, during and immediately after your period, you are very unlikely to become pregnant. However, there is a risk of unwanted pregnancy no matter what day of your cycle you have sex, and in practice, natural family planning is just a lottery.
Is it true that combined oral contraceptives suppress libido?
Oral contraceptives can help regulate your menstrual cycle
On the other hand, most women who use such contraception begin to show more interest in sex, because the anxiety about unwanted pregnancy virtually disappears and they are able to truly relax. However, a small percentage of women who take combined oral contraceptives have a significant decrease in libido. If this happens to you, consult your doctor: he may recommend you other pills with a different dose of hormones.
How effective are spermicides?
Doctors no longer consider spermicides to be a sufficiently effective contraceptive. They are generally recommended to be used in combination with other contraceptives, such as condoms.
What is the best contraception?
It is impossible to answer this question unequivocally, since each type of contraception has its own advantages and disadvantages. Overall, the best thing is what is most effective for you – that is, it reliably protects against pregnancy and does not cause serious side effects. Combined oral contraceptives are currently the most effective (if used correctly, their reliability exceeds 99%), as well as sterilization.
We will remind, earlier the sex teacher debunked popular myths about contraceptives. And the Russian saleswoman admitted that she had perforated condoms to foreigners.
All the details in the special topic Sexuality issues: what we are embarrassed to ask
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