So far in the 2021-2026 period, seven motions of censure have been processed. If the removal of the current head of the Ministry is approved, this period will have censored four ministers in less than a year of management.
- Pedro Castillo: What actions could Sunedu take after the preliminary report of the UCV on the thesis of the president and his wife?
- Pedro Castillo: Who are the lawyers who defend the president before the prosecution, the judiciary and Congress?
The plenary session of the Congress of the Republic has as its first item on the agenda the debate on the censorship against the Minister of the Interior, Dimitri Senmache, for the escape of the former Minister of Transportation, < /b>Juan Silva. If his departure from office is approved, promoted by Fuerza Popular, this legislative period will have removed four ministers before completing his first year of parliamentary management.
In that case, this Congress will not only have removed four ministers in less than a year, but will also exceed the number of ministers in the last 20 years. From 2000 to 2020, only three ministers had been censured in Parliament: Fernando Rospigliosi (Interior) in 2004, Ana Jara (PCM) in 2015, and Jaime Saavedra (Education) in 2016.
In the first year of management of the current period 2021-2026, the figure of the 3 ministers censored in the previous 20 years was already equaled. The parliamentary representation has removed from their positions the ministers Carlos Gallardo (Education), Hernán Condori (Health) and Betssy Chávez (Labor).
|Legislative Period||Motions Filed||The first motion was presented to the — of initiated the government|
|2006-2011||11||0||118 days< /td>|
|2021-2026||7||3||142 days< /td>|
Unlike interpellations, censorships are not as common in parliamentary practice. Without in the last 20 years, we have more than 40 ministers questioned, those censored only reach six.
If we look before 2000, the previous censorship had occurred in 1992 with the Minister of Agriculture Enrique Rossi in the Fujimori regime, and then we would have to go back to 1967 with the Minister of Government and Police, < b>Luis Alayza, in the first government of Fernando Belaunde.
|Minister||Sector||Submission of motion||Resolution|
|Carlos Gallardo< /td>||Education||12/17/2021||Approved|
|Juan Silva||Transports||24/02 /2022||No vote for ministerial resignation|
|Hernán Condori||Health||03 /03/2022||Archived due to signature withdrawal|
|Hernán Condori< /td>||Health||03/23/2022||Approved|
|Betssy Chávez||Work||19/05 /2022||Approved|
|Carlos Palacios||Energy and Mines||05/23/2022||No ministerial resignation vote|
|Dimitri Senmache< /td>||Inside||06/23/2022||Pending< /td>|
A review of parliamentary background also allows us to determine that the Interior portfolio has not been uncensored in the last 20 years. After the censorship of Fernando Rospigliosiin 2004, Congress has tried to remove several ministers from the Mininter, albeit without success.
Despite this, it can be said that no I saw a motion of censure against a Minister of the Interior for nine years.
|Year||Minister of the Interior||Final status of motion of censure|
|2007||Luis Alva Castro||Rejected|
|2008||Luis Alva Castro||Rejected|
|2013||Wilfredo Pedraza||No vote for ministerial resignation|
Interpellation motions present a higher number, but this has been a constant throughout the last 20 years. In this legislative period 2021-2026, it was even decided to comply to the letter with the regulation to determine that all censorship should previously have an interpellatory session or an invitation to the plenary session. This despite the fact that there is a history of direct censorship.
In the case of Dimitri Senmache, he was the only one where the invitation to the plenary was previously used. In the other three cases of censored ministers, they were challenged as a step prior to their final removal.
In less than a year, the 2021-2026 legislative period has presented a total of 25 interpellation motions. However, they only managed to bring nine ministers to the plenary to respond.
And of the nine ministers brought to the plenary to be questioned, only three cases ended in censorship.
|Minister questioned||Sector||Was he censured?||Presentation of the motion||< b>Days that passed until the minister attended the plenary session|
|Iber Maraví||Working||No||01 /09/2021||29 days|
|Carlos Gallardo< /td>||Education||Yes||11/17/2021||20 days< /td>|
|Eduardo Gonzalez||Energy and Mines||No||12 /01/2022||19 days|
|Algel Ydelfonso< /td>||Justice||No||23/02 /2022||21 days|
|Hernán Condori||Health||Yes||02/23/2022||21 days< /td>|
|Alfonso Chávarry||Interior||No||12 /04/2022||29 days|
|Aníbal Torres< /td>||PCM||No||04/12/2022||30 days< /td>|
|Carlos Palacios||Energy and Mines||No||13 /04/2022||29 days|
|Betssy Chávez< /td>||Work||Yes||04/19 /2022||23 days|
As shown in the table above, in the second legislature – which began in March – the plenary session took longer to process the interpellation motions. This was due to the fact that the Board of Directors prioritized carrying out the week of representation before political control.
Although the process was delayed , the national representation had no qualms about approving interpellations en bloc. In a single day, Parliament approved the motions presented against Alfonso Chavarry (Interior), Aníbal Torres (PCM), Carlos Palacios (Energy and Mines) and Betssy Chávez (Labor).
*The interpellation motion against former Defense Minister Walter Ayala was approved but he did not attend the plenary session because he resigned before the scheduled date.
En In a previous report published by this newspaper, the political scientist Mauricio Zavaleta warned that the congressional opposition does not show a genuine interest in getting the government on track or for the state to function properly.
“I do not feel that they are really interested in the State's own management. They are interested as long as it serves to hit the government, but it is not that they really have a concern about how things are being done in the health sector or the housing sector ”, he affirmed.