In China, scientists are creating a fluorescent biosensor to study the hormone levels of satisfaction and happiness. Managing dopamine will provide an effective process for people to absorb new knowledge, and will also allow the development of drugs for the treatment of mental disorders.
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A group of Chinese scientists led by Lin Tian began to create a fluorescent biosensor in 2018. This substance reacts to dopamine (a hormone of satisfaction and happiness) secreted by neurons to transmit signals to other cells. Specialists use dLight1 microscopy, which provides an image of the released dopamine in the brain space. Scientists expanded the color spectrum of the hormone and received two versions of dLight1: yellow (YdLight1) and red (RdLight1). The separation provided the ability to control the actions of the brain when processing information. With the help of two colors, scientists observe the movement of hormones at the neurochemical level, it is possible to track the activity of nerves.
Dopamine plays an important role in movement, concentration, in the process of mastering new knowledge, and also gives a feeling of happiness. The new tool opened up the opportunity to start developing drugs using the color tracking method. This scientific project will reveal the secrets of chemical processes in the brain of a healthy or sick person. It is possible to create drugs for the treatment of anxiety, schizophrenia and depression.