September 13, 2021 by archyde
Awareness and information related to reproductive and sexual health is a matter of societal sensitivity and is of great importance, especially for young people in a society destined for what is known as demographic opportunity. For this reason, the National Standards Document for Reproductive and Sexual Health Services emerged from the Higher Population Council, to constitute a reference framework for achieving a supportive information environment for youth.
According to the document, the concept of youth-friendly reproductive and sexual health services is to provide health services to young men and women from 12-30 years old in a safe environment that guarantees their confidentiality and privacy, and health services that attract young people and are able to involve them in all stages and axes of service provision. It meets the needs of young people at this age and takes into account their physical, mental, psychological and social development, and includes the provision of information, advice, diagnosis, treatment, care and preventive services related to sexual and reproductive health such as family planning, mother and child health, prevention of reproductive system infections, breast cancer, gender-based violence Gender, prevention and treatment of infertility, sexual weakness and changes associated with adolescence, puberty and HIV, to meet the needs of young people, where this service is provided in centers or specialized departments and through referral to the agencies concerned with service, community activities and networking.
Assistant Secretary-General of the Higher Population Council, Rana Al-Abadi, says that the council prepared the document based on desk reviews of a number of studies and documents that dealt with this subject, in addition to the work of focus groups in the governorates with young people, which concluded that young people nest for reproductive and sexual health information, but there are challenges facing them in obtaining information about reproductive and sexual health. Accordingly, the first of them is their modest knowledge of reproductive and sexual health issues and sources for obtaining information that are unreliable and do not enjoy high credibility, as most of them refer to the Internet, and there are challenges related to parents not accepting to open dialogues and discussions with young people on these topics, and part of the challenges is represented in the weak approach to reproductive health Nationality is included in educational curricula, whether in schools or universities.
The national standards for reproductive and sexual health services, according to the document, came in eight axes: enhancing youth support, youth empowerment, youth participation, providing a package of services, the efficiency of service providers, specifications for the place of service provision, fairness and non-discrimination, and the quality and improvement of services.
The document was jointly prepared with all concerned parties and based on the World Health Organization, and it was approved by the Prime Ministry, approved and circulated, and now in the stage of actual application of the document, where cooperation has been made with the Family Health Care Institute of the Ministry of Health to provide services and services are currently provided in five centers: The center of Sweileh, Zarqa, Ajloun, Karak, and East Amman (Qweismeh), according to al-Abadi.
Al-Abadi stresses the need to expand the spaces friendly to youth and the target group, which number about 3 million people. .
Entities that provide reproductive and sexual health services seek to spread awareness and the best culture in this regard in order to reach a healthy, economic community capable of facing various challenges.
Dr. Rawan Qetaifan, the youth official at the Institute for Family Health Care, confirms that this awareness is one of the rights of young people that they must obtain, saying, “It is not a requirement for young people, but rather a right, access to these services and information. As for the reflection of these standards on family planning, we strive Always on spreading the culture of spacing between births and choosing the appropriate means, thus saving ourselves time and effort and economically when the individual has a culture of family planning before the beginning of the marriage step, and this thing will be reflected in the end, family planning, on improving the living conditions of community members and thus reducing the drain on resources .
The doctor of the Women and Adolescents Health Clinic, Dr. Amal Abdel Karim, believes that educating young people about reproductive and sexual health brings many benefits and says “to improve access to reproductive and sexual health services on the one hand, and to promote, support and encourage healthy behaviors, educate them about sexually transmitted and sexually transmitted diseases and prevent them, and enhance their awareness of the dangers of marriage.” and support their right to know the benefits of family planning and its role in maintaining the rate of population growth in a way that is consistent with the national income and access to safe and effective means, which contributes to sustainable development and facing population challenges from the standpoint of population opportunity.
Director of the Directorate of Women and Child Health at the Ministry of Health, Dr. Hadeel Al-Saih, that the concept of family planning in the Ministry of Health is for husbands to exercise their right to free choice based on correct information, the number of children they wish to have, in line with their health, social and economic status, and the optimal spacing of pregnancies for a period of 3 years to ensure Maternal health through safe and effective family planning methods.
Under the title Childbearing Preferences, the Communication Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Health in the field of family planning 2019-2022/ the results of the Population and Family Health Survey 2017/2018 showed that 49% of married women of childbearing age in Jordan do not want to have more children at any time in the future, in addition to As many as 18% of married women want to delay having another child for at least two years, which means that 67% of married women may have a potential need for family planning services to either reduce or space births. The desire to have a child is strongly correlated with the number of surviving children of a woman, as it is noted from the table of childbearing preferences in the Population and Family Health Survey 2018/2017 that about 80% of currently married women who have not begun pregnancy, want to have a child (immediately, later or without planning And about 70% want to have children immediately, and since this category includes newly married women who have not given birth yet, the high percentage of desire to have children immediately indicates the weakness of adopting the concept of postponing the birth of the first child in society. The desire to have another child after the first child gradually declines until the number of living children reaches four children and then drops sharply after the fourth child, as about a third of women (who have 3 children expressed their desire to have another child compared to only 15% of women who They have 4 living children, and this indicates that the ideal family size for married women is still constant for at least four children, which is much higher than the replacement rate (2.1 children per woman).
Regarding the vision of the Ministry of Health for this service, Dr. Al-Sayeh says that its vision is that every person residing in the Kingdom has the ability to make informed choices with regard to reproduction and equal opportunities in accessing family planning services in order to achieve the demographic opportunity and the aim of which is to increase the rate of use of modern family planning methods from 37.4 % according to the statistics of the Population, Health and Family Survey for the year 2017/20218 to 43.4% in 2024 by ensuring that all spouses have access to this quality service.
She pointed out that the family planning services in the Ministry of Labor are free for everyone through the comprehensive and primary health centers, in addition to some subsidiary centers and government hospitals that include obstetrics and gynecology clinics and special suites to provide health care after childbirth and newborns. There are 524 health centers in the Kingdom that provide these services.
According to a statistic of the Ministry of Health, 46% of women who use family planning methods obtained them from the Ministry of Health. The work of the Family Planning Department also includes training the staff working in the Ministry of Health on modern methods of family planning and how to provide advice and decision-making and help them choose a suitable family planning method for them
The tourist touched on the most prominent challenges in Corona, saying, “It was represented by the difficulty of accessing and getting the word during the closure period, in addition to the women’s fear of going to health centers after the end of the ban for fear of transmission of infection with the Corona virus, and this led to a decrease in indicators of the use of family planning methods during the period. What is the effect of organizing The family over the family is large and has three components. The first thing affects women’s health in a positive or negative way. One affects the child’s health in terms of his care, especially in the early childhood stage, the first three years and his relationship with individuals and his stability. Maternal and child mortality because it reduces the sources of convergent and unwanted pregnancies and abortions, and increases women’s participation in the economy, per capita share, and family well-being.PUT 1xbet