According to a study by the University Human Rights Observatory of El Salvador, one of the patterns that seeks concealment and impunity in these cases is that of the clandestine graves, of which between 2019 and 2022 more than 30 were located throughout the territory
At least 4,000 complaints of disappearances of people have been registered during the Government of Nayib Bukele, according to a report. (REUTERS)
A report by the University Observatory for Human Rightss (OUDH) of El Salvador warned that the phenomenon of disappearance of people has worsened in recent years and that the government of Nayib Bukele is the one that registers the highest rates of the last three administrations. p>
The report, entitled “The disappearance of people in El Salvador: the continuum of impunity”, was released Tuesday at the Jesuit Central American University (UCA) and collected official information, as well as data from humanitarian organizations.
Jorge Rodríguez, technical coordinator of the OUDH, pointed out that the disappearance of people and clandestine gravess arise “ as a form of violencein the context of the Salvadoran postwar, used by groups of maras or gangs to exercise control in the territories through terror”.
He indicated that there is a “worsening” of the phenomenon and that the highest rate of disappearances “since institutional information was available” is 2019, “already in the Government of Nayib Bukele”, with 32 complaints for every 100,000 inhabitants.
“The current government is the one with the highest rates when averaging 2,080 reports of disappearances per year and an average annual rate of 32 reports per 100,000 inhabitants,” Rodríguez said.
He added that, although during Bukele's tenure, homicides have decreased, disappearances have become “the tip of the iceberg” in terms of security and human rights.
The disappearance of people and clandestine graves emerge “as a form of violence in the context of the Salvadoran postwar, used by groups of maras or gangs to exercise control in the territories through terror.” (REUTERS)
The annual average of disappearances in the Government of Mauricio Funes (2009-2014) was 957.2 and the rate was 15.4 per 100,000 inhabitants, while in the case of Salvador Sánchez Cerén ( 2014-2019), the average reached 2,022.4 per year and the rate reached 31.
However, the data from Funes and Sánchez Cerén are from their full five-year terms, while in Bukele's case it is his first three years.
According to Lucy Velásquez, one of the researchers, the Salvadoran Police received a total of 4,060 disappearance reports between January 2020 and June 2022.
Of this total, 1,309 people still have no whereabouts, while in 2,751 cases the victim was located, of whom 255 were found dead.
Velásquez indicated that 79% of the people who remain missing since 2020 are men and 21% are women.
“The young people between the ages of 18 and 30 are the most affected, accumulating 41.67% of the cases, followed by adolescents between the ages of 12 and 17 with 15%,” he said.
It regretted that they were unable to obtain the most current data from the General Attorney of the Republic, since the entity replied that “the data is non-existent”.
Velásquez warned that women are a “vulnerable” population and that their disappearance “is preceded by a cycle of gender violence, whose outcome may be femicide.”
According to Lucy Velásquez, one of the researchers, the Salvadoran Police received a total of 4,060 reports of disappearances between January 2020 and June 2022. (REUTERS)
According to data collected from journalistic investigations and other sources, in the last 8 years, 10,144 women have disappeared.
On the other hand, of the disappearances registered between June 2019 and June 2021, 50% were girls and adolescents.
“In In the case of women, the disappearance occurs as an object of revengeand a half to mark territory. It is characterized by temporary deprivation of liberty, in which they are assaulted and sexually abused. Then they conclude in femicide and the subsequent disappearance of the victims”, she remarked.
The researcher maintained that another of the patterns that seek “concealment and impunity” in these cases is that of the clandestine graves, of which between 2019 and 2022 more than 30 were located nationwide.
The investigator maintained that another One of the patterns that seek “concealment and impunity” in these cases is that of clandestine graves, of which between 2019 and 2022 more than 30 were located nationwide. (REUTERS)
“According to journalistic investigations, between January 2010 and January 2022 the Police found 1,122 bodies buried in cemeteries or clandestine graves”, he said.
It regretted that the Prosecutor's Office has placed the information on the clandestine graves under confidentiality, for which reason “the quality of the information has been greatly diminished”.
(With information from EFE)