Sat. Feb 24th, 2024

Armenian PM proposes non-aggression pact to Azerbaijan

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Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinian (Archive photo)

Agence France-Presse

Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinian said on Sunday that he had proposed to Azerbaijan to sign a non-aggression pact, pending a comprehensive peace treaty between the two enemy neighbors in the Caucasus. /p>

We presented to Azerbaijan a proposal for a mechanism for mutual control of weapons and the signing of a non-aggression pact if Signing a peace treaty should be delayed, Pashinian said in a speech to mark Army Day in Armenia.

< p class="StyledBodyHtmlParagraph-sc-48221190-4 hnvfyV">He also said that Armenia, a long-time ally of Russia and which fears Azerbaijani military moves against its territory, needed to review its security arrangements.

We must review our strategic thinking in the area of ​​security and diversify our [international] relations in this area. We are ready to purchase new and modern weapons, and over the past few years the government has signed arms purchase contracts worth billions of dollars.

A quote from Nikol Pashinian, Prime Minister of Armenia

Azerbaijan denies having territorial claims towards the former Soviet republic.

Azerbaijan and Armenia fought two wars, in the 1990s and in 2020, which left tens of thousands dead, over the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, finally reconquered in September by Baku forces.

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Since this complete reconquest, almost the entire Armenian population of the region – more than 100,000 people – fled to Armenia.

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Nearly half of Nagorno-Karabakh's population had fled the Caucasus region since Azerbaijan's lightning offensive in September 2023 .

The Azerbaijani victory marked the end of the dispute between the two countries, but many observers still remain cautious about the progress of the negotiations, as the disagreements and sources of tension between the two countries have accumulated over thirty years. .

Armed incidents still regularly take place at the border.

For several months, several rounds of negotiations led separately by Russia, the European Union and the United States did not produce results.

The traditional arbiter in the region, Moscow, monopolized by its offensive in Ukraine, has lost its influence and the confidence of its Armenian ally.

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In 2023, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev raised his country's flag over the Karabakh capital during a ceremony to reassert Baku's control over this disputed region.

On December 7, the two countries nevertheless committed to taking concrete steps to normalize their ties. Less than a week later, they exchanged prisoners of war, a first step towards the normalization of their relations.

This gesture was hailed as a breakthrough by the European Union and the United States, as well as Turkey and Russia, the two major regional powers.

Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliev estimated on January 10 that the conditions for signing a peace treaty with Armenia had been created, assuring that he did not want a new war.

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