After four months of Russia's full-scale military invasion of the territory of independent Ukraine, the aggressor country announced that it was demanding the lifting of sanctions on its grain exports.
In exchange for the lifting of sanctions, Russia promises to open corridors for the export of grain from the ports of Ukraine. This was stated by the UN Resident Coordinator in Turkey, Alvaro Rodriguez, in an interview with CNN Türk, UNIAN reports.
At the same time, he noted that, first of all, the UN is waiting for a ceasefire from Russia .
“First we want a ceasefire. Speaking specifically about the product department, the negotiations continue at a high level. But getting grain ships out of there is not as easy as one might think. The Russian fleet is in the Black Sea, we also know that Ukraine has mines on its shores for their own safety. That's why a lot of negotiations are needed so that we can come to an agreement on how to take this step,” said Rodriguez.
He also noted that Russia insists on the lifting of sanctions.
“Russia wants sanctions against the export of its own grain and cereals to be lifted if Ukraine is helped. So the negotiations are going on at a high level, and we hope that we can solve this problem. Turkey's mediation efforts are highly appreciated by UN Secretary General António Guterres,” Rodriguez said.
At the same time, he noted that it is very difficult to force Russia to cease fire.
“When a country like Russia is a member of the UN Security Council and occupies another country, it becomes a problem for that Security Council to take steps towards peace or secure a ceasefire because of the nature of the Security Council. So at the moment, the general secretariat needs steps to support other countries to expand the dialogue,” said Rodriguez.
Grain theft from Ukraine: On May 30, 2022, the head of the Office of the President of Ukraine, Andriy Yermak, said that the global food crisis provoked by Russia could still be avoided. According to him, it is necessary to unblock Ukrainian ports by sending military convoys of partner countries to the Black Sea to escort grain cargo.
As of June 7, Russia has stolen up to 500,000 tons of Ukrainian wheat worth $100 million since the Russian invasion in February. Most of this cargo was delivered by trucks to ports in the occupied Crimea and then transported by ships, including those under Western sanctions.
The US State Department called the Russian vessels “Matros Koshka”, “Matros Pozynich” and “Mikhail Nenashev” as suspected of transporting stolen grain. These vessels cruised between the Kerch Strait, which separates Crimea and Russia, and various ports in the Eastern Mediterranean.
At the same time, maritime tracking websites and experts noted that the Russian Federation was hiding information about the courts involved. In particular, sanctioned vessels often turn off their transponders while they are not at sea to hide their port of departure. Sometimes they moored in Turkey or Syria.