Fri. Feb 23rd, 2024

Archives | Seven decades of conflict between Taiwan and the People's Republic of China

Open in full screen mode

Since 1949, the People's Republic of China has tried to impose reunification on Taiwan in a more or less violent manner.

Radio-Canada

Speech synthesis, based on artificial intelligence, makes it possible to generate spoken text from written text.

For many countries around the world, 2024 will be an election year. This is the case in Taiwan which, on January 13, 2024, will elect a new president and a new parliament. However, the result of these elections could heighten already high tensions with the People's Republic of China. Some of our archival documents explain the origins of this confrontation which has lasted for more than seven decades.

The presidential and legislative elections of January 13 2024 in Taiwan could intensify tensions that have existed for more than seven decades between the two Chinas.

The Republic of China (Taiwan, also sometimes referred to by its former name of Formosa) and the People's Republic of China have been engaged in a merciless battle since 1949.

That year, Mao Zedong's communists seized the entire territory of mainland China and installed their government in Beijing.

LoadingEnd of strikes in education: excitement and uncertainties on the eve of the start of the school year

ELSEWHERE ON INFO: End of strikes in education: excitement and uncertainties on the eve of the start of the school year

Those whom Mao Zedong defeated, the nationalists of General Chiang Kai-shek, took refuge on the island of Taiwan.

They created the Republic of China there, to the great displeasure of Beijing.

< p class="StyledBodyHtmlParagraph-sc-48221190-4 hnvfyV">About 150 kilometers separate Taiwan from the Chinese coast.

Since 1949, the Beijing regime has sought to reunify the island of Taiwan with mainland China by a set of not only diplomatic but also military means.

< p class="StyledImageCaptionLegend-sc-57496c44-2 sbxsP">Interview of the Taiwan ambassador with journalist Lucien Côté

August 31, 1958, the showL'Actualité presents an interview with journalist Lucien Côté with Taiwan's ambassador to Canada, Doctor Liu Chieh.

Here is the context.

A few days earlier, on August 23, 1958, what is now known as the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis broke out.

The artillery of the army of the People's Republic of China shelled for several weeks the small islands of Quemoy and Matsu in the strait which separates the two Chinas and which belong to Taiwan.

Taiwan resists with US help.

At the time, the US government seriously considered nuclear strikes against the People's Republic of China to avoid a defeat for his Taiwanese allies.

During the interview, the ambassador explains to Lucien Côté the importance of the outpost that 'is Quemoy for Taiwan.

The diplomat also says he is convinced that this attack is only a prelude to a major offensive to invade his country.

He also reminds the Canadian viewers that the conflict between the two Chinas is existential in nature.

Dr. Liu Chieh argues that it is a struggle between freedom on the one hand and slavery on the other, or even between democracy and tyranny. /p>

It’s a lesson in democracy that we want to give to mainland China, she who bloodily repressed the student revolt on Tiananmen Square.

A quote from Bernard Derome, host of Téléjournal

A striking contrast between the island of Taiwan and the People's Republic of China is that the former is a democracy while the latter is a dictatorship.

Reporting by journalist Patrick Brown on the 1996 elections in Taiwan

A report by journalist Patrick Brown presented to Téléjournal on March 21, 1996 highlights this contrast.

Two days later, on March 23, Taiwan will elect its president by popular vote.

Patrick Brown's report shows that democracy is alive and well in Taiwan.

The Taiwanese have the right to deride their leaders. Their Parliament allows for vigorous debate.

In 1988, the island's president even decided to adopt universal suffrage as its electoral system.

The establishment of full democracy, adds Patrick Brown, contradicts the idea that such a system is not suitable for Chinese society.< /p>

This example, unique in the history of the most populous country in the world, frightens the totalitarian state that is the People's Republic of China.< /p>

Beijing dreams of making him disappear to consolidate its power.

In Beijing today, President Xi Jinping said reunification between China and Taiwan is inevitable.

A quote from Manon Globensky, January 2, 2019

Interview with host Manon Globensky with Philippe Le Corre on the position of the People's Republic of China towards Taiwan

At the start of 2019, notes the host of the radio program Midi Info, Manon Globensky, the President of the People's Republic of China gave a speech which leaves no doubt as to the trajectory he wants to impose on Taiwan.

In order to analyze the Chinese presidential speech, she discusses relations between Beijing and Taiwan with Philippe Le Corre, professor specializing in Asia at the Kennedy School of Harvard University.

The desire to reunite Taiwan with mainland China is not new, recalls the academic.

However, what is innovative in Xi Jinping's speech is that he proposes that the rebel island reintegrate China using the one country, two systems model.

This model was used during the handovers of Hong Kong and Macau to Beijing in 1997 and 1999.

However, it turned out to be disastrous for these territories, notes Philippe Le Corre.

Economic and political freedoms as well as special status are shrinking in Hong Kong and Macau.

The Taiwanese certainly do not want to adopt this system, he confirms.

In 2019, when we see the way China is evolving — increasing repression , especially against minorities, increased censorship and corruption — we can ask ourselves this: who wants to live like that?

Another worrying aspect of Xi Jinping's January 2, 2019 speech is that he invoked the use of force to bring his neighbor back into the bosom of Beijing.

Since then, the belligerent tone of the People's Republic of China has been increasingly noticeable.

The international community, already grappling with multiple increasingly acute international tensions, fears that the confrontation between the two Chinas will transform into an invasion of Taiwan.

The positions of the future president of Taiwan, regarding the question of possible reunification with Beijing, as well as the composition of his next parliament, will be important to bring this threat closer or further away.

Start of widget. Skip widget?End of widget. Return to start of widget?

By admin

Related Post