On November 29, 1998, host Charles Tisseyre of the show Découverteand director Emmanuelle Sauriol remind us of the exploit of Canadian doctor and pharmacologist Frederick G. Banting.
In 1921, he succeeded in overturning the fatal verdict of type 1 diabetes.
The genius of Dr. Banting and his assistant, Charles Herbert Best, was to have figured out how to provide people suffering from type 1 diabetes with the hormone called insulin, the absence of which in the human body causes the disease.
Banting and Best's research on insulin was partly inspired by the work of chemist John James Rickard MacLeod on the action of insulin on carbohydrate metabolism and its extraction.
Frederick G. Banting and John James Rickard MacLeod were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1923.
Charles Herbert Best, however, is excluded from this nomination. This sparks controversy.