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The tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun was discovered on November 4, 1922.

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In 1822, Jean-François Champollion has solved a centuries-old mystery. He managed to decipher the hieroglyphs of the Egypt of the pharaohs. This discovery allowed the creation of a new science, Egyptology, as told in our archives.

It took him 14 years to elucidate the principles of this scripture.

A quote from Charles Tisseyre talking about Jean-François Champollion

At the beginning of the 19th century, the Egypt of the pharaohs fascinated, but retained most of its mysteries .

In particular, we still did not understand the meaning of the writing which decorated its monuments and tombs.

Discovery, November 21, 1999

On November 21, 1999, director Francine Charron and journalist Isabelle Montpetit offer the show Découvertea report in which they explain how we discovered the key to understanding hieroglyphics and the Egypt of the pharaohs.

It was during the military campaign led by Napoleon Bonaparte in Egypt (1798-1801) that the first element allowing us to decipher the writing of the ancient Egyptians was discovered.

In 1799, in a village at the mouth of the Nile called Rosette, the team of archaeologists accompanying the French military expedition found a granite stele.

On this stele is engraved a decree of Pharaoh Ptolemy V.

This is copied identically in three languages: in Greek, in demotic (the written language of the Egyptians at the time of Ptolemy V) and in sacred language transcribed in hieroglyphs.

The three versions, engraved on what is called the Rosetta Stone, allowed the French scientist and linguist Jean-François Champollion to translate the hieroglyphs in 1822.

Champollion has brilliant intuition.

Hieroglyphs are basically puzzles: designs and symbols whose phonetic reading reveals a word.

Using this method, Champollion succeeded in deciphering hieroglyphs which respectively designate the pharaohs Ramses, Ptolemy, Thutmose as well as Queen Cleopatra.

Champollion has just understood the secret of ancient Egyptian writing!

Over the following years, he traveled through the archaeological sites of Egypt and brought a multitude of elements from the history of the Pharaonic civilization out of oblivion.

The discovery of Jean-François Champollion opens the way to what is today called the science of Egyptology.

On November 4, 1922, British archaeologist Howard Carter announced that his expedition had unearthed the inviolate tomb of a pharaoh called Tutankhamun.

The wealth of discovered artifacts astounds the world. The mask and funerary furniture of the young pharaoh became symbols of ancient Egypt.

In 1967, at the Parisian Petit Palais museum, an exhibition opened presenting the treasures of Tutankhamun.

Today's Woman, April 6, 1967

On April 6, 1967, journalist Martine de Barsy interviewed Egyptologist Christiane Desroches-Noblecourt for the program Femme d’hui.

She acts as curator responsible for the event.

The particular interest of the exhibition, underlines the curator, is that we can see almost complete royal funerary furniture.

Christiane Desroches-Noblecourt confirms to Martine de Barsy that Tutankhamun was a monarch of little importance in the history of the country.

The splendor of its treasure can only leave us wondering, notes the Egyptologist.

This is particularly true when we think of the possible splendor of the tombs of more prestigious pharaohs, such as Ramesses II, which were looted.

Christiane Desroches-Noblecourt also rejects the legends of the existence of a curse surrounding the excavations which led to the discovery of the mummy of Tutankhamun.

The Egyptians have not unlocked the secret of the atom or radio waves either, she assures us.

In 1979, it's the turn of the Art Gallery of Ontario to welcome the wonders of Tutankhamun's treasure.

For the record, this traveling exhibition was so successful that the Toronto institution had to remain open at night to allow visitors to access it.

In 60 days, the museum had seen 760,000 people pass through its rooms.

< p class="StyledImageCaptionLegend-sc-57496c44-2 sbxsP">Téléjournal, October 31, 1979

The report by journalist Jean-Yves Michaud, presented at < em>Téléjournalon October 31, 1979, gives us an overview of the 55 objects on display in Toronto.

Bernard Derome hosts the Téléjournal.

The centerpiece on display is undoubtedly the funeral mask of the late monarch made of more than 10 kilos of gold.

Egyptology continues to fascinate us. Especially since all the secrets of the civilization of the pharaohs are not yet known or discovered.

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