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Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, known as Lenin, died on January 21, 1924.

Radio-Canada

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On January 21, 1924, Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, known as Lenin, died. Catalyst of the Russian Revolution of October 1917, Lenin is one of the most important figures in world history of the 20th century. But he is also, as our archives confirm, one of its most controversial actors.

This excerpt from the show URSS – Revolution, Freedom, the Future, presented on November 8, 1992, recalls that it was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, known as Lenin, who organized and imposed the Bolshevik revolution of 1917 in Russia .

Extract which summarizes the life of Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, known as Lenin.

In 1917, after decades of attempts to overthrow the Russian monarchical regime, Lenin and his sympathizers – called in Russian the Bolsheviks and who adhered to communist ideology – succeeded in seizing power.

Between 1917 and 1924, Lenin sought to consolidate communist power in Russia.

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To achieve this, he and his supporters will use any means, including force , terror and, sometimes, compromise with his opponents.

Exhausted by the task, Lenin died on January 21, 1924 at the age of 53 .

Buried as a hero, he is practically deified by his successors at the head of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), which emerged from the October Revolution of 1917.

Lenin's body is on display for viewing in a mausoleum built on Red Square, near the Moscow Kremlin.

This personality cult of Lenin will remain an uncontested rite for decades.

However, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, this situation changed.

< p class="StyledImageCaptionLegend-sc-57496c44-2 sbxsP">Journalist Don Murray's report on Soviet views of Lenin's cult of personality

As evidenced by this report by journalist Don Murray presented to Téléjournal on July 7, 1990, Lenin remains a hero for some Soviets.

On the other hand, several citizens no longer hesitate to criticize the actions of the father of the Bolshevik revolution.

“His goal was good, his means to achieve it were horrible,” summarizes one man.

Others are even more scathing.

“Lenin is the devil! » says an onlooker.

In 1990, a documentary by Stanislav Govorukhin was shown in Moscow cinemas.

Its title? We can no longer live like this.

This is a denunciation of the personality cult of Lenin and the Leninism.

Reporting by journalist Nick Spicer on the debate in Russia over the future of Lenin's remains

On February 26, 2006, Radio-Canada correspondent in Moscow, Nick Spicer, presented a report to the Téléjournal on what has become one of the attractions of the Russian capital: the remains of Lenin.

Several tourists, many of them foreigners, are still patiently lining up to see the embalmed body of the father of the October 1917 revolution.

However, some Russian citizens would like Lenin's remains to be transferred to the city of Saint Petersburg so that he can be buried there.

In interview , Lenin's niece claims that this transfer would be sacrilegious, because her uncle would have been buried according to the rites of the Orthodox Church.

This statement raises eyebrows a historian, who recalls that Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov closed hundreds of churches.

The cult of Lenin was somewhat reestablished under the presidency of Vladimir Putin.

It is above all the economic modernization and the rise of Russian power represented by the USSR that the current Russian leader admires.< /p>

Lenin still rests in his mausoleum. Admission is free.

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