< /p> António Guterres António Guterres visits Ukraine again
After his visit to Lviv, the UN Secretary General plans to visit the Ukrainian seaport and the Joint Coordination Center in Istanbul
UN Secretary General António Guterres is the second time since the start of a large-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine is visiting this country. Guterres arrived in Lviv to meet with Volodymyr Zelensky, as well as with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
This was announced on August 17 on Twitter by the press secretary of the UN leader Stefan Dujarric.
According to the UN News website, the trilateral meeting will take place on August 18 in Lviv. Then the head of the UN will visit one of the three Ukrainian ports involved in the framework of the Black Sea Grain Initiative.
On the way back, Guterres will stop in Istanbul and visit the Joint Coordination Center that promotes the Black Sea Initiative.
“This initiative is part of a deal that also includes facilitating the export of grain and fertilizers from Russia to the world market,” said Dujarric.
This is the second visit of the UN Secretary General to Ukraine after the start of a full-scale invasion. The first took place on April 28, when, after a meeting in Kyiv, António Guterres and Volodymyr Zelensky, a rocket attack was launched on the Ukrainian capital.
As a result of this rocket attack, Radio Liberty producer Vera Girich was killed.
< em>Key questions from previous meetings
“Istanbul Protocol”. Following the talks on March 29 in Istanbul between the delegations of Ukraine and Russia, Deputy Minister of Defense of Russia Alexander Fomin told reporters about the decision to radically reduce hostilities in the Kiev and Chernigov directions.
The parties made statements about the possibility of a “new system of security guarantees for Ukraine” .
The Kremlin said that they had withdrawn troops to create favorable conditions for negotiations, in Ukraine they noted that the Kyiv, Chernihiv and Sumy regions were liberated.
“The Ukrainian military has been able to take control of the entire territory of the Kyiv region, and the Russians continue to fire missiles at Ukrainian cities,” the hromadske.ua website reported April 2.
Grain Agreement. In Istanbul, on July 22, at the Dolmabahce Palace, a ceremony was held to sign an agreement on the supply of grain and food, which made it possible to resume the safe transportation of agricultural products from the Black Sea ports of Ukraine blocked by the war.
The document was signed in the presence of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and UN Secretary General António Guterres with the participation of the Ukrainian and Russian sides.
Erdogan stressed on July 22 that maritime cargo transportation in the Black Sea will resume in the coming days, which will have a positive impact on the food security of many countries, Anadolu news agency reported.
Russia, under the agreement, received the opportunity to export fertilizers to world markets .
The focus is on safety at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant
Oleksiy Golobutsky, Deputy Director of Situation Modeling, notes that grain supplies, the egregious situation around the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant should be among the first issues at the meeting of the UN Secretary General and the presidents of Ukraine and Turkey.
“Perhaps there will be a return to the negotiation processes; obviously, Zelensky will try to raise the topic, what is the UN mediation on issues, for example, prisoners of war. Erdogan has a different strategy – he consoles himself with the hope that he can become a peacemaker and persuade him in the historical perspective to hold a meeting between Putin and Zelensky through the mediation of the UN,” Alexey Golobutsky explained in an interview with a correspondent of the Voice of America Russian Service.
He recalled that since the previous visit of Guterres to Kyiv on April 28, Russia has not stopped the escalation of the military conflict.
“Hopes for the meeting in Lviv – that the UN will show its effectiveness, evaluating the results of the meeting in Kyiv in April – small,” the expert notes.
Grain, UN reform and security
Political technologist Dmitry Bachevsky states that in connection with the meeting in Lviv, the Ukrainian leadership may be interested in resolving three issues where the participation of the UN and Turkey may be of key importance: the implementation of the grain agreement, the demilitarization of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant and the investigation into the murder of Ukrainian prisoners of war in Yelenovka.
“We will insist on providing safe corridors for the export of grain, on transferring the ZNPP under the control of Ukraine, and on the need to bring those responsible for the war crime in Yelenovka to justice,” Dmitry Bachevsky told the Voice of America Russian Service correspondent.
< p>He also believes that during the meeting the issue of reforming the UN, which “has shown itself to be incapable and ineffective in preventing wars and maintaining peace on the planet”, may be raised.
“It is no coincidence that on the eve of the meeting in Ukraine, the head of the communications department of the Presidential Administration of Erdogan, Fahrettin Altu, announced the need to eliminate the monopoly of five countries in the UN Security Council. Ukraine should also be interested in reforming the current system, expelling Russia from the UN Security Council and depriving it of its right of veto,” Bachevsky emphasizes.
Reforming the UN, according to the political strategist, involves providing Ukraine as the victorious country in the war Russia's seat on the Security Council as a permanent member.
Format of the “Istanbul Protocol”
Anatoly Oktisyuk, political expert of the House of Democracy analytical center, believes that after the trilateral meeting in Lviv, we can expect an expansion of the grain agreement and a discussion of the format of the “Istanbul Protocol”.
this also in Lvov. I think he will try to find common ground and will try to understand what attitude the Ukrainian president has towards the “Istanbul Protocol” now,” Anatoly Oktisyuk tells the Voice of America Russian Service correspondent.
The Ukrainian side, according to him According to him, it will probably focus on the discussion of the “grain issue”.
“Taking into account the ships that left the Ukrainian ports, we can say that the throughput and processing capabilities for the passage of ships are small. In this and other contexts, other bilateral issues can be worked out at the level of the presidents of Ukraine and Turkey,” Oktisyuk notes.
The expert is convinced of something else: the agenda of the trilateral meeting will also include the general question of whether under what conditions will it become possible to achieve peace with Russia.