Antauro Humala and the 'Andahylazo': the keys to the case that led him to prison and his sanctions

Antauro Humala and the 'Andahylazo': the keys to the case that led him to prison and his sanctions

The attack on the Andahuaylas police station occurred on January 1, 2005. According to Antauro Humala, its objective was for President Alejandro Toledo to resign and leave the can. Find out more details in the following report.

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Antauro Humala and the ‘Andahaylazo’: the keys to the case that led to to prison and its sanctions

Antauro Humala took over the Andahuaylas police station on January 1, 2005. (Photo: Archivo El Comercio)

After turning 17 years, 7 months and 14 days in prison, Antauro Humala was released. The ethnocacerist was serving the last stage of his 19-year sentence in the Ancón II prison for the 'Andahuaylazo', which left four policemen dead.

The attack on the police station occurred on January 1, 2005, but since December 2004, the reports of the General Directorate of Intelligence of the Ministry of the Interior (Digimin) already warned about the initial movements of Humala's ethnocacerist reservists in the city of Andahuaylas (Apurímac).

At that time, the office of then Interior Minister Javier Reátegui ignored the warnings until it was too late.

Taking advantage of the celebrations for the new year. At around 4:30 a.m., a group of reservists led by Humala, then a major in the Army, broke in and took over the Andahuaylas police headquarters; as well as the weapons, ammunition and explosives that were lying there. There were about 150 ethnocacerists, according to reports from the time.

According to Antauro Humala, his objective was for President Alejandro Toledo to resign and leave power. In addition, he assured that the action was a response to the bad economic policy of the Government and the measure of retirement of many officers of the Armed Forces.

This tragic episode ended with several injuries and six deaths: four policemen stationed in the area and two ethnocacerists.

Antauro Humala and the ‘Andahylazo’: the keys to the case that landed him in prison and his sanctions

Antauro owes more than S/.4 millions to victims of the 'Andahuaylazo'

During the assault on the police station on January 1, 5 policemen were injured, 2 reservists and 17 officers were taken hostage. In addition, they took possession of their weapons. The Andahuaylas police station had 80 police officers, but due to the festivities only about ten were on duty. The rest were frank.

Toledo, who was at his home in Punta Sal (Tumbes) when the events occurred, returned to Lima and called a Council of Ministers. After that, he declared a State of Emergency in Apurimac for 30 days and ordered the dispatch of more than 300 agents from the Directorate of Special Police Operations (Diroes).

“It is necessary to establish that the aforementioned acts constitute acts of terror aimed at causing a state of disturbance of internal order”, was indicated in Supreme Decree No. 001-2005 -PCM, published in an extraordinary way in El Peruano.

However, during the second day of the crisis (January 2) the violence continued with the murder of four policemen in an ambush near the police station.

It was a patrol from the Green Squadron, which had arrived as part of the reinforcements assigned to the area, it was attacked and the following were killed: PNP Captain Carlos Cahuana (30), Lieutenant Luis Chávez (29), Second Warrant Officer Ricardo Rivera (41) and Third Warrant Officer Abelardo Cerrón (39).

Antauro Humala and the ‘andahaylazo&rsquo ;: the keys to the case that led him to prison and his sanctions

Deudos del Andahuaylazo.

In addition, 200 Humala supporters gathered at the National Hospital and prison to demand the release of wounded insurgents.

The next day, the On January 3, more than a thousand residents entered the Plaza de Armas with Antauro Humala in front. Everyone thought he was going to turn himself in, but he didn't. After meeting with PNP General Felix Murazzo, Antauro makes a triumphal walk to the police station.

Shots are fired along the way and a reservist is killed, while two of them and two civilians are wounded.

Humala was arrested at 10:30 p.m. of that day in the Municipality of Andahuaylas, when he negotiated his surrender together with the director of the police and representatives of the Ombudsman and the Public Ministry. The Government flatly rejected the terms that he had proposed.

The announcement of his capture was made during the early hours of the morning, at a press conference led by the then head of the Ministerial Cabinet, Carlos Ferrero.

< p itemprop="description" class="story-contents__font-paragraph">Despite Humala's capture, the assault on the police station did not end until January 4, when the ethnocacerist leader sent a letter and asked the 150 reservists taken the police station to lay down their weapons.

The conviction

On September 16, 2009, the First Criminal Chamber with Inmates in Prison, presided over by the Judge Carmen Rojassi sentenced Antauro Humala to 25 years in prison for this case, with which it was estimated that he would be released in January 2030.

The sentence was read in the Lurigancho prison. Antauro Humala was found guilty of qualified homicide, theft of firearms, rebellion, kidnapping and other crimes against the State.

Also Daniel Ludeña and Tito Palomino were sentenced to 15 and 20 years, respectively.

In addition, the payment of a civil reparation of S/280,000 was ordered to each of the relatives of the victims and of S/100,000 jointly and severally to the State. An economic reparation was ordered for the policemen who were kidnapped.

Antauro Humala and the ‘andahaylazo’: the keys of the case that led him to prison and its sanctions

(Photo: Andina)

Two years later, in September 2011, after an appeal by his defense, the Supreme Court reduced the sentence imposed against Humala from 25 to 19 years in prison, with which he would be released in 2024.

This is because his defense managed to change the crime of qualified homicide to that of simple. However, it was necessary for Judge Jorge Santa María to rule because there was a discrepancy among the judges about the length of the sentence to be applied in his case. The other two co-defendants were acquitted of the crime of homicide.

Controversies in prisonScandals in which Humala was involved

  • < strong>4/17/2012 The Second Liquidating Criminal Chamber suspends the oral trial against Antauro Humala for alleged bribery of INPE personnel to obtain benefits. This is because, according to his lawyer, he was going through post-traumatic stress disorder that prevents him from coordinating his ideas.

 

  • 29/5/2012 Two INPE officials confirmed that the Antauro-Nora Bruce (his partner) meeting was irregular. They affirmed it at the Naval Base before the court that judges the president's brother for alleged bribery.

    < li class="ql-align-justify">6/16/2013A video released by “Weekly Report” (Frecuencia Latina) revealed that Antauro Humala used a landline telephone number inside his detention center -the Virgen de las Mercedes military prison- through which he answered calls and made appointments as if he were in his own office.

  • 16/2/2014 Antauro Humala was irregularly released from prison to cash a check at the National Bank of the Military School.


  • 3/13/2014 General Ricardo Moncada was relieved of the position of General Commander of the Army, as he approved the irregular payment to Antauro for S/.70 thousand in gasoline accrued. The Ministry's attorney's office of Defense filed a complaint to annul the payment of S/.70 thousand to Antauro Humala.

    < li class="ql-align-justify">10/18/2019The head of INPE, César Cárdenas, reported that Antauro Humala violated security measures in the Virgen de la Merced prison (Chorrillos), but that the transfer of him and 14 other inmates to Ancón II was not a disciplinary action. &nbsp ;

Antauro Humala and the ‘Andahaylazo’: the keys to the case that took him to prison and his sanctions

However, the ethnocacerist was released thanks to INPE granting his request for redemption of sentence. The entity, dependent on the Ministry of Justice, resolved on Friday, August 19, 2022 that Humala would be released after considering that he had served his sentence under this figure requested on July 8 from the Ancón II prison address.

In this way, it was considered that Antauro Humala worked and studied during his internment for 3,667 days, which allows him to redeem his sentence in 1 year and 7 months.< /p>

Upon his release from prison, Antauro Humala made a statement to his followers who waited for hours for his release. The ethnocacerist said he felt “proud” of what he did in 2005 in Andahuaylas.

“We are outside again and I can tell you that we We all feel very proud of what we did in Andahuaylas. The courts have not yet, but the facts prove us right. Where are the presidents against whom we rebelled 17 years ago? [Alejandro] Toledo fugitive, prisoner, corrupt and thief. [Pedro Pablo] Kuczynski, who was a minister in Toledo during the 'Andahuaylazo', just the same,”, he said.