The increase in Quebec's population in 2022 came from international migration, according to data from the Institute of Quebec statistics.
The subject of immigration is strongly looming large in the political debate these days. Some politicians make direct links between housing problems and the increase in the number of asylum seekers, foreign students, temporary workers and permanent residents. The most impactful expressions are used: mass immigration, loss of control, ideological delirium or breaking point.
This is where it seems important to me to return to the economic and demographic reality of Quebec. While it is relevant to question the carrying capacity – say the capacity for infrastructure, housing and public services – it is equally essential to ask where economic growth will come from.< /p>
Polls show Canadians are increasingly concerned about rapid immigration growth. It is therefore important to address this issue factually, to explain the demographic and economic reality to citizens. Economic growth is weak, we have to pay for our public services for an aging population whose needs for services are only growing. The contribution of immigration is crucial, in this context, for the economic well-being of Quebec.
It is just as important, moreover, for the federal government to take into account the issues of supply and demand in welcoming immigrants to the country.
We cannot, on the one hand, deny the contribution of immigration on the economic level. And we cannot, on the other hand, create an imbalance in the supply of services and housing by rapidly accelerating the reception of immigrants. We cannot reduce housing problems to the growth of immigration alone. All governments, all politicians, must handle this issue responsibly.