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“A strong formula” on fossil fuels at COP28? | COP28: climate summit in Dubai

Natasha Kumar By Natasha Kumar Dec10,2023

« A strong formula » ;fossil fuels at COP28? | COP28: climate summit in Dubai

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Several participants in Dubai express the same feeling that an agreement has never been closer to signal the beginning of the end of oil, gas and coal.

Agence France-Presse

Speech synthesis, based on artificial intelligence, makes it possible to generate spoken text from written text.

Sheltered from the hot, polluted air of Dubai, COP28 negotiators locked themselves in air-conditioned rooms on Sunday with the feeling that a compromise was possible on fossil fuels, two days from the deadline set by the Emirati president of the conference.

From NGOs to negotiators, participants here express the same feeling that an agreement has never been closer to signal the beginning of the end of oil, gas and coal, which has been burned since the 19th century is largely responsible for global warming.

But it remains to convince the bloc led by Saudi Arabia, the world's leading oil exporter, and India, which still produces three quarters of its electricity by burning coal… or even developing countries which are demanding help from rich countries to install the solar energy or wind turbines they will need.

We need a strong formula on the exit from fossil fuels, aligned with 1.5°C, repeated Sunday the German climate envoy, Jennifer Morgan .

At the same time, it is obvious that the least developed countries will not be able to go at the same speed on the great economic powers of the G20.

A quote from Jennifer Morgan, German climate envoy

COP28: climate summit in Dubai

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In short: the text to be drafted at COP28 must explicitly call for the decline of fossil fuels without forgetting that access to energy remains a problem in part of the world and will be even more so with expected population growth. .

Increasingly isolated while China is considered constructive by negotiators, oil exporting countries are accused of obstruction.< /p>

I call on the Arab group chaired by Saudi Arabia, Arab countries in Africa and the least developed countries to give life, science and the presidency of the United Arab Emirates a chance. p>A quote from Shady Khalil, Greenpeace activist in the Middle East

The subject that monopolizes the conversations on Sunday on the COP28 website is another brick of the great agreement that the president of the conference, the Emirati Sultan Al Jaber, is preparing, which concerns the adaptation of vulnerable countries to a disordered planet.

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COP28 President Sultan Ahmed al-Jaber.

We haven't seen as much movement on this issue as on other subjects, regrets Ralph Regenvanu, the climate change minister of Vanuatu, a Pacific island eaten away by rising oceans, in an interview with AFP.

A draft text on Sunday left many observers wanting more. If it does not contain more precise implementation measures, this framework will remain empty, fears Ana Mulio Alvarez, of the E3G think tank.

Antonio Guterres, Secretary General of the UN, will return to Dubai on Sunday for the home stretch.

Renewable energy is cheap, clean and infinite, it can meet the growth in demand for energy. energy without poisoning our environment or suffocating our planet.

A quote from UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres

He called on oil companies to invest in renewables, and world leaders to COP28 to agree on strong emissions reductions aligned with 1.5°C.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimated on Sunday that the non-binding commitments announced with fanfare at the start of COP28 by more than a hundred countries (tripling of renewables) and oil companies would only achieve 30% of the reduction in energy-related emissions needed to achieve carbon neutrality in 2050 by 2030.

Contrary to these voluntary commitments, the text to be adopted by consensus at COP28 will be legally binding.

Activists made a brief burst into the pavilion of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which caused a scandal on Friday with a letter calling on its members to reject any text at COP28 targeting fossil fuels.

For us, having an OPEC pavilion at the COP is like having a huge oil rig in the negotiations, a denounced Nicolas Haeringer of the NGO 350.org, in front of astonished visitors to the stand.

Natasha Kumar

By Natasha Kumar

Natasha Kumar has been a reporter on the news desk since 2018. Before that she wrote about young adolescence and family dynamics for Styles and was the legal affairs correspondent for the Metro desk. Before joining The Times Hub, Natasha Kumar worked as a staff writer at the Village Voice and a freelancer for Newsday, The Wall Street Journal, GQ and Mirabella. To get in touch, contact me through my natasha@thetimeshub.in 1-800-268-7116

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