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30,000 migrants crossed the border also the English Channel in 2023 | The migrant crisis

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A boat carrying migrants helped by the Royal National Lifeboat association docks in the south-east of England.

Agence France-Presse

Nearly 30,000 migrants reached the English coast illegally in 2023 by crossing the Channel, a figure down sharply compared to 2022, which was a record year.

These figures are closely followed in the United Kingdom where successive Conservative governments have promised to regain control of the borders after Brexit.

Immigration is shaping up to be a key subject in the campaign for the legislative elections scheduled for this year.

Prime Minister Rishi Sunak has also promised to stop illegal migrant boats.

In 2023, 29,437 migrants made the crossing, compared to 45,774 in 2022, according to figures from the Ministry of the Interior published Monday. The 2023 toll, however, remains the second highest ever recorded, higher than that of 2021 (28,526).

The migrant crisis

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The migrant crisis

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As illegal entries into Europe increase, the number of people coming to the Kingdom illegally -Uni decreases. This is an important success, welcomed the Minister of the Interior, James Cleverly, in a press release.

Around 20% of migrants who arrived on English shores in 2023 are from Afghanistan, according to data up to November 29. Next come Iranians (12%), then Turks (11%), Eritreans (9%) and Iraqis (9%).

On the other hand, the number of Albanians, who were among the most numerous to make the crossing in 2022 (12,658), fell by more than 90%.

London and Tirana have reached an agreement to prevent Albanians from leaving illegally for the United Kingdom.

The British government s& #x27;is congratulated several times on the success of this agreement, as well as that concluded with France.

In March, London and Paris reached an agreement providing for a contribution from the United Kingdom of more than 500 million euros over three years to strengthen surveillance on French beaches and fight against smuggling gangs.

In 2023, more than 24,000 illegal immigrants, including 5,500 Albanians, have been expelled, according to a press release from the Interior Ministry published on Monday.

The government's commitment to clearing the backlog of asylum applications has been met, says the ministry, with 112,000 cases processed in 2023. Around 67% of asylum applications received a decision. positive response.

The British conservative government, which has adopted extremely restrictive laws on asylum, still plans to deport migrants who arrived illegally to Rwanda in the United Kingdom.

The project was blocked by the Supreme Court, but London reached a new agreement with Kigali. The new bill is the toughest legislation ever presented to Parliament on immigration, Rishi Sunak told MPs in December.

The The government also announced at the end of 2023 a tightening of the screws to reduce legal immigration.

Immigration hit a record in 2022, with 745,000 more people in the UK. The government has promised to reduce immigration by 300,000 people in the coming years.

Among the announcements is the end, with some exceptions, family reunification for foreign students. This measure, which came into force on Monday, will allow a rapid reduction in immigration with tens of thousands fewer people, says the Minister of the Interior.

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