Sudanese soldiers and men enlisted to participate in the fighting that has raged since last April between the Sudanese army and paramilitaries under the command of Mohamed Hamdan Daglo. Photo taken in Gedaref, January 14, 2024.
More broadly, in West Darfur, the paramilitaries and their allies have systematically violated humanitarian law international.
Attacks on civilians, torture, rape, mass arrests, forced displacement, looting: Some of these violations could amount to war crimes or crimes against humanity, experts say.
The report also denounces violations of the arms embargo, noting that from July, thanks to means from the gold trade, the FSR were able to deploy heavy weapons or sophisticated like drones. This new firepower has had a massive impact on the balance of power in Darfur and other parts of Sudan.
In this context, the experts point the finger at several countries, notably the United Arab Emirates.
They thus consider the declarations of the number two of the x27;Sudanese army, General Yasser Atta, who in November accused the wealthy Gulf state of having sent weapons to the RSF.
The report notably mentions an arms supply route from Abu Dhabi through Chad, specifying that the Emirates denied these accusations in a letter sent to the committee of experts dated December 21.
In this region on the border with Chad, the Janjawids, from which the FSR come, are accused of having perpetrated a genocide at the beginning of the 2000s on behalf of the dictator of the time, Omar el-Bashir.