Fri. Mar 1st, 2024

100 days of war in Gaza, in figures and maps | Close- East, the eternal conflict

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The center of Gaza City is targeted by airstrikes. (Archive photo)

  • Mélanie Meloche-Holubowski (View profile)Mélanie Meloche-Holubowski

Fourteen weeks have passed since the unprecedented Hamas attack on Israeli soil. Since then, Israel has vowed to “destroy” the Palestinian movement and announced that the war would continue “throughout” 2024. Portrait of the situation, now after 100 days of conflict.

On October 7, 685 Israeli civilians, 373 law enforcement personnel and 71 foreign nationals were killed in a surprise attack by Hamas. Around 240 people were taken hostage. Of these, 105 were released during the short truce in exchange for 240 Palestinian prisoners.

Since the start of the ground operation in the Gaza Strip, 187 Israeli soldiers have been killed and around 1,100 have been injured.

Middle East, the eternal conflict

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Since the Israeli bombardment and ground incursion began on October 27, at least 23,400 people have been killed in the Gaza Strip, about 1 percent of the country's 2.27 million inhabitants. ;Palestinian enclave. Two thirds of the victims are children and women. More than one in 40 Gazans have been injured.

The situation is also tense in the West Bank, where more than 300 Palestinians have been killed by Israeli forces .

Additionally, as of January 11, 2024, 79 journalists had been killed, 16 had been injured and 3 were missing, according to the Committee to Protect Journalists. (New window)

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According to Oxfam (New window), on average, 250 Palestinians are killed every day, a number that far exceeds the daily tolls in any other conflict major in recent years (on average 96.5 in Syria, 51.6 in Sudan, 50.8 in Iraq, 43.9 in Ukraine, 23.8 in Afghanistan and 15.8 in Yemen).

Israeli officials said in interviews with Agence France-Presse and CNN (New window) that, for every Hamas fighter killed, two Palestinian civilians had been killed.

The toll of this war also eclipses those of the conflicts that have taken place between Israel and Hamas since 2008.

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The 100th day of conflict coincides with the start of hearings at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on South Africa's request to immediately suspend Israel's military actions in the Gaza Strip. Pretoria accuses Israel of failing to fulfill its obligations under the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

South Africa believes that Israel has engaged, is engaged in and risks continuing to engage in acts of genocide against the Palestinian people in Gaza and that the bombing campaign is aimed at the destruction of the lives of Palestinians and pushes them to the brink of famine.

Remarks that Israel has called an absurd blood libel.

Satellite images compiled by US researchers show that as of January 9, 2024, between 138,000 and 172,000 buildings in the Gaza Strip have been damaged or destroyed, representing between 48 and 60 percent of all buildings in the Gaza Strip. enclave.

Researchers observe damage across approximately 68 square kilometers of Gaza territory, the total area of ​​which is 365 square kilometers.

< p class="StyledBodyHtmlParagraph-sc-48221190-4 hnvfyV">Swipe to see damage progress

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In Gaza City, around three-quarters of buildings are said to be damaged or destroyed. Since the truce, more and more damage has been observed in the south, particularly in Khan Younes, where around half of the buildings have been damaged or destroyed. Even in Rafah, the city least affected by the conflict, it is estimated that around a quarter of the buildings were damaged.

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The scale of the damage in Gaza and the pace and cadence [of the bombing] is only comparable to what happened in the hardest-hit cities in Ukraine, he told CBC News Corey Scher of the City University of New York (CUNY) Graduate School, one of the researchers helping analyze the satellite images.

Nearly 400 schools were reportedly destroyed and 70% of all school buildings were damaged. The World Health Organization (WHO) says 23 of the territory's 36 hospitals are no longer operating.

In the first 20 days of the war, Israel reportedly struck 7,000 targets. Then, on December 12, the Israeli army claimed (New window) to have struck 22,000 targets. For its part, the US military maintains that Israel has dropped more than 29,000 bombs since October 7.

Israel said on January 9 that the army would begin to reduce its air offensive and withdraw its troops in northern Gaza. However, the fighting continues to rage and the risk of regional conflagration is still present.

According to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), 1.9 million people (New window), or almost 85% of the total population of Gaza , were displaced by the conflict. Around 1.4 million people have sought shelter in one of 154 UNRWA facilities.

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Since the start of the ground offensive on October 27, Israel has extended its ground operations to the north of the enclave across the entire Gaza Strip, pushing more and more Palestinians south to Khan Yunis and Rafah.

On There are more than 12,000 displaced people in each of the refugee camps in the south and central Gaza Strip, four times their normal capacity.

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The city of Rafah, which had 300,000 inhabitants at the start of the conflict, has welcomed nearly a million people over the past 100 days. According to UNRWA, in the camps in Rafah, there is now only one toilet for every 486 people.

Leaving the Gaza Strip remains an almost impossible task to accomplish. The enclave is highly fortified by a concrete wall and a double fence. Anyone coming within a kilometer of this barrier risks being shot by the Israeli army, which patrols the border.

There are only two crossing points, one with Egypt, at Rafah, and the other with Israel, at Beit Hanoun. That of Rafah is controlled by Egypt, which allows the daily passage of around a hundred humanitarian aid trucks and the exit of foreign nationals. Very few Palestinians receive permission to cross the border.

  • Mélanie Meloche-Holubowski (View profile)Mélanie Meloche-HolubowskiFollow

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